Training for early childhood education teachers: Parenting Program for Stunting Prevention (PPSP) in Serang City, Banten Province Indonesia

SEAMEO CECCEP successfully conducted training for early childhood teachers in Serang City, Banten Province, Indonesia. This training was held from 22 November to 8 December in a blended mode. A total of 30 ECCE teachers participated in the "Parenting Program for Stunting Prevention (PPSP)." This PPSP training aims to support government programs to accelerate the reduction in the prevalence of stunting. The government is targeting that by 2024 the prevalence rate will drop to 14 percent.

Stunting caused by chronic malnutrition, exposure to infections, and inadequate psychosocial stimulation has repeatedly occurred since the First 1000 Days of Life. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), stunting is a growth and development disorder characterized by a height two standard deviations shorter than the average height of children of their age.

The Parenting Program for Stunting Prevention (PPSP) model has three activity plans, consisting of, there are: 1) an information reinforcement program, 2) a program to strengthen parental knowledge and skills, and 3) a program to provide individual assistance services for parents.

The information strengthening program aims to develop information media regarding stunting, parenting practices, and family nutrition in various forms adapted to the needs and characteristics of the region (local context). In addition to carrying out an advocacy function in distributing information on stunting, parenting practices, and family nutrition to parents in the ECCE unit in collaboration with local government organizations.

Furthermore, participants also received programs to strengthen parental knowledge and skills, which included: child development modules, understanding policies related to stunting prevention, understanding the characteristics and causes of stunting, and training parental skills in child care.

The PPSP program also supports individual assistance services for parents. Individual assistance consists of knowledge about individual assistance counseling, techniques for personal assistance skills, and basic service mapping knowledge. Provision of respective assistance services with care for parents through training of early childhood education unit teachers or regional cadres as parental assistance.

Nina Herlina, one of the PPSP training participants, said that she was very enthusiastic about participating in this training. Caregivers need PPSP training to add insight and information about stunting. Hopefully, this training will continue. The PPSP can be disseminated not only in the Serang area but also outside the region.

Stunting prevention needs the cooperation of parents, family, community, and government. Parents have an essential role in the care and development of early childhood. Parents and family are the first environments to set an example in applying values and norms and become figures who play an essential role in providing nutrition that supports children's physical growth and development. The interaction between children and parents is vital for the child's development process because parents can immediately recognize abnormalities in their child's development process from an early age and provide stimulation to the child's overall growth and development. The government's role is to support service facilities in providing children's rights in the social, economic, etc.

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